Hello, beautiful™

Field Guide: Salon-Term Glossary, Part One

by Cheryl Locke {{"2014-09-24T10:05:42-07:00" | blogDate:'MMMM d, y'}}

Image by Madison Reed

Use this salon glossary–a compilation of cuts, services, and styling terms–to let your stylist know what you want in language they understand.

p.s. Look for a follow-up post on colorist-speak coming soon. In the meantime, if you’ve ever wondered what business violet has in blond hair, here’s an illustrated glossary on hair colors.

A-Line: A hair shape that is shorter in the back and gradually longer in front. Usually not layered in back.

Bob: The classic interpretation, think Anna Wintour, is cut straight around the head at jaw-level. Often accompanied by a fringe.

Clarifying Treatment: A degunking process to remove build-up from styling products, color, natural elements, and chemicals like salt and chlorine, to return shine and manageability to your hair

Choppy: A piecey haircut that uses the natural movement of the hair to texturize and shape

Dry Cut: A haircut performed on dry hair, that’s either not been washed or washed and blown-out. Often requested for its precision and WYSIWYG results.

Dusting: A method for removing split ends, in which only the slightest amount of hair is trimmed so that what ends up on the floor resembles specks of dust.

Extensions: Artificial hair pieces made of either real or synthetic hair. Can be attached in various ways for temporary or longer wear. Application techniques include the following:

a. Clip-ins: extensions via clips, the most fleeting variety of extensions

b. Bonding and sealing: extensions via glue using individual strands of natural hair for a truly authentic look. Requires repositioning every two to three months.

c. Micro rings and loops: extensions attached via small metal rings lined with silicone

d. Netting: extensions attached via braiding hair under a thin net that serves as a flat surface to weave in extensions

e. Lace Fronts: The latest innovation in extensions attached via nylon mesh for more natural movement and continuity.

f. Tracking: Similar to netting, natural hair is first braided, sewn horizontally across the head, and extensions are sewn onto braids

Graduated Bob, or the Inverted Bob: A kind of bob with layers, and a tapered side that’s short in back and longer in front for a curtain effect. Strands frame the face and soften the cut’s severe lines. Usually more flattering than the classic bob (see entry above)

Iron Service: An add-on styling service for straightening hair with a flat iron

Jooge: Adding flair with styling techniques. For example, rubbing hair between fingers for texture or extra lift. Usually involves a pomade or finishing product.

Lob: A long bob, recently back in style. Ends usually brush along the clavicles, giving this hair cut the equally trendy name, the “clavicut.”

Mid-Length: One of two things. In regards to color, it’s the section of hair between the roots or outgrowth and the ends. When talking about cuts, it refers to a medium length ranging from just below the ears to the shoulders.

Movement: Hair’s natural texture and growth pattern, including how well the cut works with hair

Plaiting: Another way to say braiding

Point Cut: A technique used to texturize hair, it removes bulk from the ends, allowing the cut’s layers or graduation to blend together more seamlessly.

Overdirecting: Harnessing the volume-lifting powers of the hair flip, this blow-dry technique entails blowdrying hair to one side, then flipping to the opposite side for extra height. Not just reserved for salon appointments, please try this at home!

Permanent Waves: ‘80s phenomenon, the perm. Warning: perms can give off strong ammonia odor and damage fine hair.

Piecey: The use of texturizing techniques combined with product for definition.

Razor Cut: Layers and texture created using a razor. It creates softness and movement for straight hair, but frizz and unflattering wedge shapes for curly hair.

Relaxer: A lye-based process by which hair is straightened chemically. Contains active ingredient sodium hydroxide. Lye-free processes do exist, though they contain other hair-damaging chemicals, potassium hydroxide or calcium hydroxide.

Rolller set: A technique employing the use of a hood dryer, in which hair is put in rollers and in some instances products are applied to help the resulting style last longer.

Texturize: A hair cutting technique used to thin or add layers to hair. Styling products are often used to enhance texture.

Thermal Reconditioning: A multi-step, chemical-laden straightening process. Hair is first shampooed, deep conditioned, and then processed with straightening chemicals. This is followed by a rinse, and sometimes another shampoo and deep conditioner. Hair is then passed through thermal irons at very high temperatures (over 300-degrees) in very small sections. Next a fixative chemical is applied to lock in straightness. There’s one more round of rinsing and conditioning. Finally, hair is blown out and passes once more through a flat iron.

Thin Out: A texturizing, movement-enhancing technique to remove weight from hair

Undercut: Similar to a bowl cut, hair is clipped very close or shaved underneath with a layer hanging over it.

Weave: Either a perm or extensions (see entries above)

Special thanks to Tana from our Color Crew!

Be sure to sign up for our email newsletter to get professional hair tips,exclusive news, special offers, and much more!

{ "env": "production", "previewHost": "cmspreview.madison-reed.com", "stageHost": "cmsstage.madison-reed.com", "prodHost": "www.madison-reed.com", "createAdaReportsOnPublish": true }

{{ customerSvc.newsletterMessage ? customerSvc.newsletterMessage : 'You have been successfully subscribed!' }}